At BeadaMoss®, we sustainably micropropagate Sphagnum moss for positive environmental impacts, primarily for peatland restoration, where Sphagnum moss is planted as a natural climate solution.
Planting Sphagnum moss is usually a vital component to fully restore a peatbog. Sphagnum restoration helps to convert a damaged peatland back to a carbon sequestering sink, to stop current emissions from damaged sites, and to protect the peatland’s huge existing carbon stores that would otherwise be eventually lost. Sphagnum moss is also important for habitats and biodiversity, and for preventing flooding and wildfires.
What are peatlands? Why are we restoring them?
Peatlands, or moors, or bogs, are a type of wetland habitat with distinctive biodiversity, often with several metres of peat. Peat is partially decomposed vegetation formed in saturated anaerobic conditions. Peatlands store over 30% of the world’s soil carbon, yet only cover 3% of land area – they’re excellent at storing carbon.
Unfortunately, they have been damaged extensively for many reasons, historically and recently. For example: drainage for agriculture, from pollution and for peat extraction. In the UK it’s estimated that up to 80% have been damaged in some way.
In undamaged peatlands, Sphagnum plays a huge role to keep them wet, sequestering carbon and protecting the existing peat and its carbon store. In restoration, re-wetting activities are often completed before Sphagnum is planted (e.g. gully blocking). Re-wetted but unvegetated organic soil reduces emissions compared to drained peatland, but can still emit up to 1.7 tCO2e /ha /yr. A natural vegetated peatland can sequester up to 3 tCO2e /yr, in addition to supporting the ecosystem, and protecting the existing peat carbon store.
Our Restoration Work
We grow sustainably micropropagated Sphagnum moss to supply peatland restoration projects with BeadaHumok™.
A BeadaHumok™ is a clump of Sphagnum containing multiple species, designed for optimum re-establishment and easy handling.
BeadaHumok™ are packaged in light-weight and compact rolls of 20 clumps. Each BeadaHumok™ is hand-sized, making hand planting on the moors easy, e.g. with a dibber, and are ideal for bare, sparse, or vegetated sites or with dominant vegetation e.g. Molinia.
We also grow other moorland plants for restoration, such as cottongrass, bilberries and crowberry. Planting these too increases the plant biodiversity, stabilizing bare peat and allowing a near-natural peatland to be re-created.
We currently supply projects throughout the UK, and in Europe, and we tailor our offer to each customer’s requirements.